Originally used as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drug, aspirin then became, for its antiplatelet properties, a milestone in preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
What did aspirin treat?
Aspirin is used to reduce fever and relieve mild to moderate pain from conditions such as muscle aches, toothaches, common cold, and headaches. It may also be used to reduce pain and swelling in conditions such as arthritis. Aspirin is known as a salicylate and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
When was aspirin first used in England?
Aspirin is generic in Britain, but Bayer owns the trademark in more than 80 countries. Aspirins painkilling heyday in Britain was in the 1950s, but the arrival of the better-tolerated paracetamol and later ibuprofen hit sales, although many cold and flu preparations, such as Beechams powders, contain it.
What are the adverse effects of aspirin?
COMMON side effectsconditions of excess stomach acid secretion.irritation of the stomach or intestines.nausea.vomiting.heartburn.stomach cramps.
Where does the main ingredient in aspirin come from?
History of aspirin It comes from Spiraea, a biological genus of shrubs that includes natural sources of the drugs key ingredient: salicylic acid. This acid, resembling whats in modern-day aspirin, can be found in jasmine, beans, peas, clover and certain grasses and trees.
Who first discovered the effects of aspirin?
In 1897, Felix Hoffman, a German chemist working for the Bayer company, was able to modify salicylic acid to create acetylsalicylic acid, which was named aspirin (Fig. 1).
Where did aspirin originally come from?
Weeping willow to salicylic acid. Willow bark has been used as a traditional medicine for more than 3500 years. Unknown to the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians who made use of it, the active agent within willow bark was salicin, which would later form the basis of the discovery of aspirin (Fig 1).