The Berlin-Baghdad railway runs like a thread through the whole calamitous tale. Strategically, its aim was to bind Turkey and the Germans together, while sabotaging Britains links with India by threatening Suez, and providing Germany with its own shortcut to the east through Basra.
When was the Berlin-Baghdad Railway important?
Construction resumed in the 1930s and was completed in 1940. A history of this railway in the context of World War I describes the German interest in countering the British Empire, and Turkeys interest in countering their Russian rivals....Berlin–Baghdad railway.OverviewTrack gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 81⁄2 in) standard gauge8 more rows
Who planted the Berlin-Baghdad Railway?
Greasing the wheels: the Berlin-Baghdad railway and Ottoman oil, 1888–1907. In the 1880s, Germany cultivated an alliance with the Ottoman Empire that led to a concession to build one of historys most storied, diplomatically contentious, and financially challenging infrastructure projects: the Berlin-Baghdad Railroad.
What caused the Second Moroccan Crisis?
The Second Moroccan Crisis (1911) was precipitated when the German gunboat Panther was sent to Agadir on July 1, 1911, ostensibly to protect German interests during a local native uprising in Morocco but in reality to cow the French.
Why Baghdad is important?
Why was Baghdad important? The Abbasid Caliphate established their capital in the city of Baghdad in 762CE. Over the next five centuries Islamic culture flourished and Baghdad became renowned as a centre of learning and tolerance. This period is known as the Golden Age of Islam.
Why did Germany want Morocco?
The First Moroccan Crisis (also known as the Tangier Crisis) was an international crisis between March 1905 and May 1906 over the status of Morocco. Germany wanted to challenge Frances growing control over Morocco, aggravating France and the United Kingdom.
Who was strengthened by the 2nd Moroccan crisis?
Six years after the First Moroccan Crisis, during which Kaiser Wilhelms sensational appearance in Morocco provoked international outrage and led to a strengthening of the bonds between Britain and France against Germany, French troops occupy the Moroccan city of Fez on May 21, 1911, sparking German wrath and a second ...
What is special about Baghdad?
Baghdad at the time was the largest city in the world, with a population of about 1 million. It was a perfectly round city, with all the important buildings in the centre. Situated between two rivers, it was also at the centre of the worlds great trade routes and the caliph was therefore extremely wealthy.
Did Germany invade Morocco?
During World War II, Morocco, which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany. However, after the North African Campaign, Morocco was under Allied control and thus was active in Allied operations until the end of the war.
What happened in the 2nd Moroccan crisis?
The Second Moroccan Crisis or Agadir Crisis began when France brought troops over to the city, Fez, in Morocco to prevent rebellions. As a result, the sultan of Morocco was forced to get help from France to control these groups. Later on July 1, 1911, a gunboat was sent to the port of Agadir in Morocco by Germany.
Does Baghdad still exist today?
As the capital of the modern Republic of Iraq, Baghdad has a metropolitan area estimated at a population of 7,000,000 divided into numerous neighbourhoods in nine districts. It is the largest city in Iraq.