Archaic period, in history and archaeology, the earliest phases of a culture; the term is most frequently used by art historians to denote the period of artistic development in Greece from about 650 to 480 bc, the date of the Persian sack of Athens.
What happened in the Archaic period?
The archaic period began with a massive increase in the Greek population and of significant changes that rendered the Greek world at the end of the 8th century entirely unrecognisable from its beginning. The archaic period saw developments in Greek politics, economics, international relations, warfare and culture.
What was characteristic of the Archaic period?
The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish. As its ending is defined by the adoption of sedentary farming, this date can vary significantly across the Americas. The rest of the Americas also have an Archaic Period.
What were the major developments of the Archaic period?
The Archaic period saw developments in Greek politics, economics, international relations, warfare, and culture. It also laid the groundwork for the classical period, both politically and culturally. During this time, the Greek alphabet developed, and the earliest surviving Greek literature was composed.
What did the pottery look like during Archaic period?
The pottery produced in Archaic and Classical Greece included at first black-figure pottery, yet other styles emerged such as red-figure pottery and the white ground technique. Styles such as West Slope Ware were characteristic of the subsequent Hellenistic period, which saw vase paintings decline.
What happened to Archaic Indians?
During the Archaic period, the environment gradually became warmer and drier. Many species of animals that had lived during the Ice Age became extinct, including mammoths, mastodons, and ancient bison. As a result, people living throughout North America had to adapt to new conditions.
What are the characteristics of Native American?
The several waves of migration are said to account for the many native linguistic families (see Native American languages), while the common origin is used to explain the physical characteristics that Native Americans have in common (though with considerable variation)—Mongolic features, coarse, straight black hair, ...
What are the three types of ceramics?
Traditional ceramics are clay–based. The categories of pottery shown here are earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. The composition of the clays used, type of additives and firing temperatures determine the nature of the end product. The major types of pottery are described as earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
How long did the Greek Archaic period last?
The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the years 700-480 B.C., not the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.) known for its art, architecture and philosophy. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but is known as the age in which the polis, or city-state, was invented.
Why is it called the Woodland period?
The term Woodland Period was introduced in the 1930s as a generic term for prehistoric sites falling between the Archaic hunter-gatherers and the agriculturalist Mississippian cultures.