On May 13, 1787, the “First Fleet” of military leaders, sailors, and convicts set sail from Portsmouth, England, to found the first European colony in Australia, Botany Bay.
What happened on the 26th of January 1788?
The date of 26 January 1788 marked the proclamation of British sovereignty over the eastern seaboard of Australia (then known as New Holland). On New Years Day 1901, the British colonies of Australia formed a federation, marking the birth of modern Australia. A national day of unity and celebration was looked for.
When did the First Fleet arrive in Australia for kids?
The first ship, Supply, reached Botany Bay on 18 January 1788. Aboriginal people from the Cadigal tribe saw the First Fleet ships arrive....Arrival in Australia.The following people were on board the ships:Embarked at PortsmouthLanded at Port JacksonChildren of convicts1422Total141813736 more rows•Aug 10, 2021
What date did the first fleet arrive at Sydney Cove?
26 January 1788 The First Fleet of 11 ships, commanded by Captain Arthur Phillip, set up a convict settlement at Sydney Cove (now Circular Quay) on 26 January 1788. This was the beginning of convict settlement in Australia.
When did Captain Cook and the First Fleet arrive in Australia?
18 January 1788 They arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January 1788 after a journey of approximately 20,000 kilometres. Sir Joseph Banks (1743–1820) had recommended the site after travelling on the ship HM Bark Endeavour with the explorer Captain James Cook (1728–1779).
Was the First Fleet good or bad?
Extreme weather and wild storms had convicts aboard the First Fleet praying for their lives, according to ship logbooks and diaries. She said the First Fleet sailed from Portsmouth, England, in May 1787 with about 1400 convicts and they had a good run down the Atlantic Ocean. ...
How many convicts died on the First Fleet?
The chief surgeon for the First Fleet, John White, reported a total of 48 deaths and 28 births during the voyage. The deaths during the voyage included one marine, one marines wife, one marines child, 36 male convicts, four female convicts, and five children of convicts.
What was Australia called before 1901?
After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.